Nutritional Value of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiata)
Mung bean is a part of pulse (legume) family, oval in shape and green in color. They are the seeds of the plant, Vigna radiata. They are largely produced and consumed in states of Bangladesh, Japan, India, China and South-east Asia. The nutritional value of mung bean is very high, thus commonly known as, â€œnutritional powerhouseâ€. They can be consumed either boiled or sprouted, raw and cooked. Mung beans can be consumed by anyone, irrespective of any health illnesses.
The high nutritional value of mung bean gave this pulse a special importance in Ayurvedic medicine. They worked effectively in treating digestion problems and moreover have anti-carcinogenic properties.
Following are the nutritional values present in 1 cup (202 grams) of mung beans:
Mung Beans Nutritional Value – Vitamins
- Vitamin B6 – 0.135 mg
- Vitamin C – 2.0 mg
- Vitamin E – 0.30 mg
- Vitamin K – 5.5 mcg
- Riboflavin – 0.123 mg
- Thiamine – 0.331 mg
- Niacin – 1.166 mg
- Pantothenic acid – 0.828 mcg
- Folate – 321 mcg
The high vitamin content present in mung beans help in the formation of red blood cells. It also helps in protein metabolism, cell growth and reduces the risk of heart diseases. The thiamine present in mung beans helps in nervous system functioning.
Mung Beans Nutritional Value – Minerals
- Phosphorus – 200 mg
- Iron – 2.83 mg
- Copper – 0.315 mg
- Sodium – 4 mg
- Calcium – 55 mg
- Manganese – 0.602 mg
- Magnesium – 97 mg
- Potassium – 537 mg
- Zinc – 1.70 mg
- Selenium – 5.0 mcg
The minerals present in mung beans stimulate and relaxes the arteries and veins, thus, increasing the oxygen, blood and nutrient flow throughout the body. Copper facilitates the protein metabolism and also helps in absorbing iron. Iron helps in hemoglobin formation and also builds resistance to stress. Potassium helps in muscle contraction and maintains normal heart beat. Zinc boosts up the immune system, improves male fertility and helps in tissue growth and repair.
Mung Beans Nutritional Value – Fats and Carbohydrates
- Saturated fat – 0.234 gm
- Mono-unsaturated fat – 0.109 gm
- Polyunsaturated fat – 0.259 gm
- Total fat – 0.77 gm
- Dietary fiber – 15.4 gm
- Sugars – 4.04 gm
- Total carbohydrate – 38.68 gm
Mung beans are very low in fats content and hence very good for obese people. Even the carbohydrate content is also very low in mung beans which makes them a part of a healthy diet.
Mung Beans Nutritional Value – Other Nutrients
- Calories – 212 kcal
- Protein – 14.18 gm
- Ash – 1.60 gm
- Water – 146.77 gm
Mung beans are popular food among vegetarians because of their high protein content. The fiber content in them reduces the cholesterol levels in blood, thus reducing the risk of heart diseases.
Thus, the high nutritional value of mung beans serves many health benefits and are very good for people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes.