Pigeon Pea â€“ Health Benefits and Nutritional Value
Pigeon pea is one of the important pulses in India. It is a shrub which is woody, 1 – 4 meters tall and is short-lived. The fruit is a flattened edible pod that has got many health benefits and nutritional values. The seeds are white or grayish in color and oval or round in shape.
Pigeon pea is a native of Africa and later was cultivated in Madagascar. Now, this pulse is widely spread throughout the world especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Leaves are used as a vegetable, immature pods can be cooked, dried seeds can be added to stews and soups. The ripened seeds can be cooked as a pulse.
Health Benefits 0f Pigeon Pea
Pigeon pea is a easily digestible food and has many natural health benefits. But, consuming it in excess may cause acidity and heart problems. It has got many curative properties. They include:
The juice extracted from the leaves of the pulse, consumed with a little salt in it is very effective in treating jaundice. A daily consumption of 60 ml juice is beneficial.
The paste made from the pulse can be applied on the balded area. The bald patches subside on regular application.
The leaves of pigeon pea plant or a poultice made from seeds treat the inflammatory conditions and reduce swelling.
Checking Breast Milk Secretion –
The leaves and pulse mashed into paste, warmed and applied on the breast is effective as it checks the secretion of milk.
Make a paste of the leaves and mix it with the paste of neem leaves. Consume a teaspoon of the mixture daily for a week. It effectively treats piles and anal itching.
Nutritional Value of Pigeon Pea
The nutritional values per 100 grams of edible pigeon pea are as follows:
- Carbohydrates – 57.6%
- Minerals – 3.5%
- Fiber – 1.5%
- Fat – 1.7%
- Protein – 22.3%
- Moisture – 13.4%
- Iron – 5.8 mg
- Phosphorus – 304 mg
- Calcium – 73 mg
- Vitamin B Complex – traces
- Calories – 335